The CPU, as we all know, is the Central processing unit of computing unit. In other words, it is the brain box, so to say of the computer. When it is overheated, possibly due to temperature issues, the CPU is bound to malfunction, just as how humans, working in extreme temperature conditions, tend to decrease output level or work efficiency. Everyone should be careful to avoid any inadvertent issues that might result in the CPU overheating. Note, that there are two popular types of processor used in most computers, AMD Processor and Intel processor.
some simple steps to take to forestall a CPU overheating challenge:
- Endeavour to check the temperature of your CPU: You can this by accessing the BIOS setup using certain software like CPUID HWmonitor and CoreTemp.
- Diagnosing the CPU temperature values: When diagnosing the CPU temperature, there are typically two temperatures to be analyzed. The internal temperature and external temperature otherwise called the junction temperature and chassis temperature respectively. The external temperature is usually 10° – 20° cooler than the internal temperature. Let us look at analysis for the two types of processors.
AMD Processor: On the AMD processor, the max temperature is determined by the trade reference (OPN), which is found on top of the processor; Specified by the third character from the right of the trade reference number (OPN). The maximum temperatures also vary across different AMD model types and are usually between 61°C (e.g. FX model) to 95°C (e.g. Ryzen model).
Intel Processor: Like the AMD processor, the max temperature of an Intel processor is also dependent on the type of model. For the older Pentium 4, it typically ranges between 60°C to 65°C, the Core models have a range of 50°C to 65°C while the newer Nehalem generation (The i3, i5, i7 and higher), max temperatures are 70°C. Just the internal temperatures vary by model, it is only normal that, the external temperatures also vary by models. For instance the chassis temperature for a Core i5 is usually 95°C while a newer generation Core i9 can still run under a 100°C whereby the system’s thermal protection system arbitrates in extreme cases and brings the Central Processing Unit back to its lowest value.
III. Regulating the CPU temperature: A suitable solution to overheating issues and good way to regulate your CPU is allowing your CPU have optimal airflow. Wherever you place your PC, ensure there’s good air circulation around its vent especially when your workspace is not in a fully air-conditioned office.
There are also accessories you can install beneath your PC in the case of a laptop to serve as a little elevation allowing for air towards the vent while you can install a Ventirad (Heat sink + Fan) in the case of a desktop to ease the flow of air around the CPU component on the motherboard.
Don’t forget a healthy CPU guarantees a healthy computer set with great processing speed, so ensure your processor stays healthy so that your PC would last longer. I hope this helped.